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Author Guidelines

All manuscripts must be composed in English.

Use no more than three levels of headings and sub-headings.

The manuscript must begin with an abstract of no more than 400 words.

All specimens referenced in the manuscript must be in a publicly-available repository and have clearly indicated specimen and locality numbers.

The Bulletin of the Museum of Natural History, University of Oregon, follows the reference style of the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology as of May 2015. Details follow:

Citation of References in Text
(Smith et al., 1973)
(Smith, 1972a, 1972b, 1976)
(Smith, 1972:16)
(Smith, 1972; Smith, Jones, and Lee, 1973; Jones and Lee, 1975)
(Smith, Jones, and Lee, 1973; Smith, Lee, and Jones, 1973)

If more than three authors with same first author and same year of publication, then:
(Smith, Jones, et al., 1973; Smith, Lee, et al., 1973)
(Smith, 1972:12–15, 1974)
(Smith, 1972:fig. 1, table 4)
(Smith, 1972:table 3)
(Smith, 1972:pl. 2)
...Smith‘s (1972) figure 3...
(pers. comm., April, 2004)
(unpubl. data)
(in press)
(pers. obs.)
(Smith in Jones, 1781)

• For three or more authors use et al., but spell out all authors if taxonomic authority (use initials if two names with same date).
• For personal communications, author must obtain written permission from person being cited, such as signed copy of page where cited, or email quoting passage and giving permission.
• No space between year/colon and page number or figure, table, and plate designation:―(Smith,1972:16; Smith, 1974:fig. 1).Use lower case for fig., pl., and table in citations of other people‘s work and in synonymies.
• Order of references cited in parentheses is, first, chronological, in order of first publication by a particular author, then alphabetical in the case of different authors with first publication in the same year:
(Hibbard, 1947; Albertson, 1953; Hibbard and Taylor, 1965)
(Lund, 1976, 1992, 2003; Lund and Janvier, 1986; Lund and Lund, 1986, 1987; Lund and Youngman, 1994; Lund et al., 1998, 2002).

Literature Cited

General Rules

• Double-space all entries
• Last name first only for the first author, then typical style of first-name initial, middle-name initial, then last name; note use of comma before and; see above example.
• Personal communications, submitted manuscripts, manuscripts in preparation, manuscripts under review, and field notes are NOT permitted in the Literature Cited; instead, cite these in text; e.g., (pers.comm.) or, if it is the author‘s own work, (pers.obs.) or (unpubl. data);(field notes of G. G. Simpson, 1933, AMNH).
• All citations and taxonomic authorities, including those in figure captions, or within figures and tables, must be included in the Literature Cited. References cited only in on-line supplementary data should not be in the Literature Cited.
• Primary order is by first author and by date. Secondary sort is by number of co-authors (two-authored references, then three-authored references, then four, and so forth. Within that sort, ordering is by alphabetization of junior authors, then by date (oldest first):
Lund, R. 1984.
Lund, R. 1985a.
Lund, R. 1985b.
Lund, R., and P. Janvier. 1986.
Lund, R., and C. Poplin. 1985.
Lund, R., and C. Poplin. 1986.
Lund, R., and R. Zangerl. 1984.
Lund, R., C. Poplin, and E. Grogan. 1995.
Lund, R., E. Grogan, C. Poplin, and R. Zangerl. 1985.
• Authors must verify that all references cited in the text (including taxonomic authorities) appear in the Literature Cited section, and that all citations in the Literature Cited section are cited in the text and/or table/figure captions.

Author Styles
• Thompson, W. A., III
• Smith, L. L., Jr.
• Sues, H.-D.
• Use commas between all authors, and separate authors initials by a space.
• Repeat author names, as shown above with the examples of Lund
• Do not use full names, just last names and initials.

Journal Article Examples

Breda, M. 2008. Palaeoecology and palaeoethology of the Pleistocene genus Cervalces (Cervidae, Mammalia) in Eurasia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(3):886–899. [No spaces between colon, numbers, or en dash; no comma after journal name.]

Gustafson, E. P. 1978. The Vertebrate Faunas of the Pliocene Ringold Formation, South-central Washington. University of Oregon Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 23:1–62.

• Avoid including the leading article of journal names such as The :The Journal of Ecology.
• Use italics for genus or species in titles.

Hou, L. 2002. [A late Pleistocene lizard from Inner Mongolia]. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 50:88–95. [Chinese]

Chen, G. 1991. A new genus of Caprini (Bovidae, Artiodactyla) from upper Pliocene of Yushe, Shansi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 29:230–239. [Chinese 230–236; English 237–239]

• The square brackets indicate that the article is solely or primarily in a non-English language, Chinese in this example.
• Some journals publish a full-text English translation following the article in its original language; if both languages are used, provide both citations.

Henkel, S., and B. Krebs. 1969. Zwei Säugetier-Unterkiefer aus der Unteren Kreide von Uña (Prov. Cuenca, Spanien). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 1969:449–463.

Geraads, D. 1994. Les gisements de Mammifères du Miocène supérieur de Kemiklitepe, Turquie: 4. Rhinocerotidae. Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 4ème sér., C 16:81–95.

• For foreign-language titles and names of institutions or journals in non-English-speaking countries, use the accents and capitalization conventions of the foreign language where possible, as in the above examples.
• Titles and journal names presented in their original language do not require identification of the language in square brackets.

Books, Dissertations, and Theses

Lindsay, E. H., V. Fahlbusch, and P. Mein (eds.). 1988. European Neogene mammal chronology. Plenum Press, New York, New York and London, U.K., 658 pp.

Kurten, B., and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene Mammals of North America. Columbia University Press, New York, New York, 442 pp.

Ciccimurri, C. M. 1999. Additions to the Pliocene (Blancan) mammalian paleofauna of the Ringold Formation, Washington. M.S. thesis, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, South Dakota, 179 pp.

Saysette, J. E. 1999. Postcranial estimators of body mass in pecorans with emphasis on Capromeryx (Mammalia: Artiodactyla). Ph.D. dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 192 pp.

• Book titles are title capitalized, but thesis titles are sentence capitalized.
• Spell out everything except given names, eds. and pp.
• Repeat the city or country if the name is a part of the publisher or university: The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
• Spell out cities, states, countries (except for U.S.A. and U.K.): Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
• Use thesis for bachelors or masters degrees and dissertation for doctoral degrees.

Articles in Books or Large Works

Bell, C. J., E. L Lundelius, Jr., A. D. Barnosky, R. W. Graham, E. H. Lindsey, D. R. Ruez Jr., H. A. Semken, Jr., S. D. Webb, and R. J. Zakrzewski. 2004. The Blancan, Irvingtonian and Rancholabrean Land Mammal Ages; pp. 232–314 in M. O. Woodburne (ed.), Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic Mammals of North America. Columbia University Press, New York, New York.

Emslie, S. D., and N. J. Czaplewski. 1999. Two new fossil eagles from the late Pliocene (late Blancan) of Florida and Arizona and their biogeographic implications; pp. 185–198 in S. L. Olson (ed.), Avian Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Washington, D.C., 4–7 June 1996. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 89.

Volumes in Edited Series

Stahl, B. J. 1999. Chondrichthyes III: Holocephali; in H.-P. Schultze (ed.), Handbook of Paleoichthyology, Volume 4. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, 164 pp.

Articles in Press

Zhang, J.-Y. In press. New fossil osteoglossomorph from Ningxia, China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.

• For in-press book or article in edited book or series, see examples above.

Articles as Abstracts in Symposium or Conference Proceedings

Nydam, R. L. 2002. Advances in our understanding of the polyglyphanodontine lizards of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22(3, Supplement):93A.

Software, Maps, Web Sites, and Web-based Articles

Swofford, D. A. 2003. PAUP* 4.0. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Izett, G. A., and J. G. Honey. 1995. Geologic map of the Irish Flats NE Quadrangle, Meade County, Kansas, U.S. 1:24,000. U. S. Geological Survey. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2498.

Scotese, C. R. Plate tectonic maps and continental drift animations: Late Permian. Paleomap Project, Department of Geology, University of Texas at Arlington. Available at Accessed November 8, 2004.

Janvier, P. 1997. Craniata. Tree of Life Web Project. Available at Accessed November 30, 2006.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. The submission font is single-spaced, in 12 point Times New Roman font with figure captions and tables at the end of the document.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. Each figure is uploaded as a separate file. Vector images should be in .EPS format, Raster graphics should be .TIFF or low-compression .JPG images, 600 dpi or greater. For final submission, each panel of a multi-panel figure should be a separate file.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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